【主题】Effects of Temperature Exposure on Early Childhood Development and Home Environment
【报告人】Jun Hyung Kim ，Jinan IESR
【摘要】Climate change poses a significant threat to the development of young children, but its impacts are not well known because of data and methodological limitations. Using a unique village-based cohort longitudinal study combined with climate data in disadvantaged rural communities, we find that exposures to low ambient temperatures undermine subsequent cognitive development before age 5. The effects are significant not on immediate outcomes but on skills measured at least a year after exposure. Further, temperature exposures reduce key inputs into human capital development including caregiver-child interactions and material home environment. Our results show the costs of climate change on children in the critical period of development. Further, by undermining children's home environment, climate change may widen socioeconomic inequalities across households and communities by their capacities to adapt, which are severely limited among disadvantaged households.
【报告人简介】Jun Hyung Kim is an assistant professor of economics at the Institute of Economic and Social Research at Jinan University. He is also a member of Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Global Working Group and a research affiliate at Institute of Labor Economics (IZA). His research is focused on parenting and child development, with particular attention on how life cycle decisions of parents interact with parenting decisions. His previous work highlights the role of parenting skill in the realization of parenting style in the household, and the heterogeneous effects of parenting behavior on child development. Previously he evaluated a randomized parent training program and showed that the program improved child behavior at 10-year follow up.He received a B.A. in economics from the University of California at Berkeley. He was a research assistant at the Center for the Economics of Human Development during the PhD program. He received his PhD in economics from the University of Chicago.